pitcher plant adaptations

310,^). Noté /5. They have developed remarkable passive baits to attract and trap their prey. The spines help to cool the outer skin. Photo: Angela Sevin / Flickr When it comes to carnivorous plants it’s Venus Flytraps that get the most attention, with their snapping jaws. *Reception is located at #02-20, Serene Centre. David Fefferman 2019-12-15T17:36:05-08:00 Maintain the pitcher plant's well-being. 4. Nitrogen Fixation: Root and Bacteria Interactions . Nectar is produced at the edge of the pitcher. But how would the Venus flytrap know whether the object that has landed on it is an insect or merely dirt that would not make a good meal? Dead-pool on September 24, 2018: they are good stuff on hear. However, the pitcher traits of different species have never been quantified in a comparative study, nor have their possible adaptations to the resources they exploit been tested. Adaptation. Botany. Hair growing downward to stop insects from escaping. Sign up here for news and blog updates. Yet pitcher plants and other carnivorous plants are “fascinating to people,” in no small part due to their myriad adaptations. Adaptations can include such traits as narrow leaves, waxy surfaces, sharp spines and specialized root systems. The function of chloroplasts should already be at your fingertips! Plant and animal adaptations Plant adaptations. Perhaps, their impression of such plants stems from the game – “Plants VS Zombies”! pitcher plant, and needs your help surviving. The Tropical Pitcher Plant, or Nepenthes, is a highly complex and refined bug catcher. In this lesson, we will talk about plant adaptations.These are changes that help a plant species survive in its environment. Will it digest my finger?”, “Are there any other plants that eat flesh, besides the pitcher plant?”, “Do these plants have teeth? These questions never fail to amuse me and the mere thought of a giant pitcher stomping across the field chomping down on all of the organisms in its path will always cause me to laugh. As the prey rots and falls apart, the plant soaks in the nutrients. With its unique ability to obtain food, it has inspired multitudes to reshape their concept on how nature really works. The Sundew’s tentacles secrete sweet, sticky and glistening “dewdrops” to attract insects. Crown Centre Campus Saguaro Cactus The Saguaro Cactus lives in deserts, especially rocky terrain. Some of the traps can grow incredibly large. The California pitcher plant is a member of an evolutionary divergent and diverse group of plants we refer to as “carnivorous”. But not to mention this change has taken a very long period of time. It is the only species in the genus Darlingtonia, and one of only ten in the pitcher plant family Sarraceniaceae (Juniper et al. The liquid contains enzymes that break down the prey. Its green modified leaves are capable of photosynthesis and its roots obtain the nutrients it needs from the soil. Glands in a plant’s pitcher produce nectar. the adaptations of carnivorous plants by creating their own model plant; the characteristics of wetland habitats and their importance in our environment; Time: 1 to 2 hours. A Beautiful plant, of course. Carnivorous plants have some special trapping mechanisms, which are adaptations that help them thrive in poor soil. The following adaptations allow plants to survive in the conditions of the rainforest. It has downward pointing spines which make it easier to direct rainwater into the depressions of the cactus. Growers categorize most Nepenthes species as either lowland species or highland species, depending on the elevation at which they are found in the wild, and each type has different growing requirements. Serene Centre, Singapore 258748. Plant populations co-evolve characteristics that are uniquely tailored to their environment. About Carnivorous Pitcher Plants. 5 adaptations of the pitcher plant called Nepenthes! Robbie and Mark from Eden's Education Team talk about the many ways that plants in the rainforest have adapted to succeed in a challenging habitat. 4. If you’re a fan of the carnivorous pitcher plant, you’ll eventually want to propagate some of your specimens to add to your collection.These plants may look exotic, but propagating pitcher plants is no harder than propagating any other plant. The following adaptations allow plants to survive in the conditions of the rainforest. … The plants attract and drown their prey with nectar. This species-rich genus might be a conspicuous candidate for an adaptive radia-tion. This magnificent adaption has taken over a million years to happen. : And Other Odd Plant Adaptations et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. I hope that you have a better understanding of the key differences between structural and behavioural adaptations, as well as the adaptations of various flesh-eating plants, including the Pitcher plant, Venus flytrap, and Sundew! Let’s see if you have gotten the answers correct! The carnivorous nature of pitcher plants can be considered an adaptation that compensates for the infertility of the soil, in which these plants usually grow. student on September 18, 2018: these really helped me now i can wright them down on my report. This should be easy! Pitcher plant propagation can be done in a number of ways, but planting seeds or rooting cuttings are the best methods for home growers to succeed. The slender pitcher plant (above) gets part of its nutrients from other animals, mostly insects. Unlike animals, plants do not move around, and they don't have limbs, mouth, or sharp teeth to catch prey. Will it be able to eat me? Nepenthes pitcher plants display interspecific diversity in pitcher form and diets. The specific epithet hemsleyana honours English botanist William Botting Hemsley, who described N. macfarlanei and N. smilesii. The Old World pitcher plants grow little “pitchers” with open lids. Sarracenia rubra Adaptation. Liis. Pitcher plants may seem to be like couch potatoes – passively waiting for unfortunate victims to fall into them. Ants swimming in pitcher plants: kinematics of aquatic and terrestrial locomotion in Camponotus schmitzi. It would definitely be the wet and slippery aisle! 3. However, they are actually skilled killers! A Pitcher Plant has a very unique ability to catch prey. They are found growing in boggy wetlands where soil nutrient levels are extremely low because of acidic conditions, high water content, and low oxygen levels, which all lead t… Parent Support Group How do these plants trap their prey? Source: Nan Hua Primary School – 2017 P6 SA2 Science Examination Paper [Q30]. They also help redirect the wind and insulate the plant. The direhorse pitcher plant (Na'vi name: pa’liwll meaning "direhorse plant"), although related to other tubular, pitcher-shaped carnivorous plants, is not carnivorous. Kingdom: Plantae (Plants) Subkingdom: Embryophyta Division: Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants) Subdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed Plants) Class: Angiosperms (Flowering Plants) Subclass: Monocotyledons (Monocots) Families: Nepenthaceae and Sarraceniaceae. In some pitcher plants, live insect larvae are found in the liquid inside the pitchers and these larvae feed on the trapped insects. Repeated patterns of adaptation for prey capture across unrelated groups include similar surface micromorphology and gland anatomy. About 150 species are known, mostly from the forests of Sumatra, Borneo, and the Philippines. This magnificent adaption has taken over a million years to happen. Resulting Plant Adaptation: Carnivorous plants get nutrients through decaying insects. Recent studies have also revealed patterns of divergent evolution in functional pitcher morphology within genera. Pitcher plant, any carnivorous plant with pitcher-shaped leaves that form a passive pitfall trap. Convergent traits that have evolved across pitcher plant lineages are essential for trap function, suggesting that key selective pressures are in action. Pitcher plants are found in a wide range of habitats with poor soil conditions and rely on carnivory to obtain nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus. 1 Comment on Adapted to kill: How the pitcher plant traps its prey Nepenthes, always happy for you to drop in. They are also required to figure out the underlying reason behind such an adaptation. The traps of what are considered to be "true" pitcher plants are formed by specialized leaves. Perhaps the Pitcher plant is the most mysterious leaf in the whole wide universe. Camouflage, as in a toad's ability to blend in with its surroundings, is a common example of an adaptation. The pitcher plant is a carnivorous type of plant that includes several species. What the pitcher plant does offer is wetland beauty and another example of nature’s amazing adaptations. Previous Post. AMAZING ADAPTATIONS: Biology Research Projects Term 4, 2013: Home; Fauna > > > > > > > > > > Flora > > Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Adaptations can include such traits as narrow leaves, waxy surfaces, sharp spines and specialized root systems. Materials: Internet access or book with pictures of carnivorous plants; Assorted craft materials such as construction paper, markers, pipe cleaners, fuzzy balls, paper clips, etc. Now, let’s discuss a question that tests on the adaptations of a pitcher plant. This is accompanied by an impressive track record of having 80% of her students score As and A*s in the PSLE Science examination. In such cases, the plant absorbs nutrients from the excreta of the larvae. In the plant kingdom, the will and need to survive has triggered some rather unique adaptations, resulting in several different species of plants that beckon us to rethink everything we think we know about plant growth and survival. Pitcher plants are one of the most striking examples of convergent evolution in the plant kingdom. When the creature can’t crawl back out, it drowns in this liquid. Categories: All. No, flesh-eating plants do not have teeth. This is the reason why it is difficult for the unfortunate victims to grip onto the inner surface, resulting in them sliding down the “death pool” of digestive liquid. 2. Editor’s Note: This article first published in the Richmond Times-Dispatch, in July 2013. holger.bohn@biologie.uni-freiburg.de Camponotus schmitzi ants live in symbiosis with the Bornean pitcher plant Nepenthes bicalcarata. These are modified leaves that give the pitcher plants their infamous name – to trap ill-fated insects using their relentless adaptations: Are you able to identify if the above adaptations are structural or behavioural? From the inward-curving rim of the pitcher, glands exude a sweet juice that is attractive to insects. Blog. Carnivorous plants have similar adaptations, like Venus flytrap or pitcher plants. The Asian pitcher plant is a vining carnivorous plant and like other flesh-eaters must trap living things in order to get needed nutrients. Its green modified leaves are capable of photosynthesis and its roots obtain the nutrients it needs from the soil. Yes, there are plenty! It has become a carnivorous plant due to poor nutrient soil living conditions. Her secret lies in helping the child rediscover their interest for learning through her wide arsenal of humorous and inspiring teaching methods. The crab spider lives exclusively in the slender pitcher plant and ‘steals’ the host’s prey - this ‘pilfering’ benefits the plant when the prey is big Two recent studies by ecologists from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have shed light on the relationship between the slender pitcher plant … Rainforest Kids Science curriculum connection: Unit 4: Chapter 1, Lesson 3, Grade 4. The lower inside of the pitcher plant is filled with a thick liquid produced by the plant. If the trigger hairs are touched more than once, the object is most likely an insect! Pitcher plant Foraging, flying or crawling insects such as flies are attracted to the cavity formed by the cupped leaf, often by visual lures such as anthocyanin pigments, and nectar bribes. Studying about the pitcher plant is a fascinating topic for botanists and plant enthusiasts all over the world. Find the perfect pitcher plant adaptation stock photo. The Pitcher Plant is most commonly known as Nepenthes or Sarracenia and has a very distinctive adaptation. Pitcher plant seed growing requires stratification. Organisms acquire adaptations in order to survive better in its habitat. 310, B), where that which is downward-directed develops as a water-sac, or pitcher, effective in collecting and holding water in this epiphytic or rock-dweUing genus. Plant Adaptations What does Adaptation mean? Pitchers can also have wax around the upper part of the inner wall. Digestive liquid at the bottom of the pitcher. Pitcher plants capture insects by luring them into a trap — a cupped leaf with a waxy, slippery interior that makes it difficult to climb out. The major difference between traps is that some have moving parts, and some do not. AMAZING ADAPTATIONS: Biology Research Projects Term 4, 2013: Home; Fauna > > > > > > > > > > Flora > > Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. These enzymes dissolve the insect’s soft parts. The Pitcher Plant and other carnivorous plants like the Venus Fly Trap at one point were almost extinct so the plant evolved this special feature to absorb nutrients. Now, challenge yourself and fill in the blanks for the two types of adaptations of the Venus flytrap and Sundew! The leaves of carnivorous plants are where the adaptations have taken place, which have resulted in a variety of different style “traps.” They include pitfall traps (pitcher plants), flypaper style traps (sundews), snap traps (Venus flytrap), suction traps (bladderworts) and lobster-pot traps. In this case, it is a modification of the epidermal (and sometimes cortex) tissue. Imagine yourself walking along a wet and slippery aisle compared to a dry and rough one, which is easier for you to slip and fall? Nepenthes (/ n ɪ ˈ p ɛ n θ iː z /) is a genus of carnivorous plants, also known as tropical pitcher plants, or monkey cups, in the monotypic family Nepenthaceae.The genus comprises about 170 species, and numerous natural and many cultivated hybrids. A special ability to capture and decompose animal life forms and then absorb the nutrients they release allows these plants to thrive where other plants struggle. How do they bite and trap insects to feed on?”. In flowering plants, nectar is used as a “bribe” to attract insects so that pollen grains will be stuck onto insects’ bodies for pollination to take place. The pitcher shape to trap insects inside. Plant populations co-evolve characteristics that are uniquely tailored to their environment. Students who encounter questions involving the pitcher plant often ask me: “What happens if I place my finger inside the pitcher? Oddly, this can work in the opposite way to the peristome, with the wax making the surface unwettable. ^For enquiries, please proceed to the Serene Centre campus. As the title of this article suggests, I will be highlighting the following: What I have noticed is that students are commonly tested on their ability to identify if an adaptation is structural or behavioural. The pitcher shape to trap insects inside. If you like our methodology, we've some upcoming workshops: Over the past 9 years, she has worked with students from a wide spectrum of backgrounds – from the extremely weak to the highly gifted. Tropical pitcher plants are spectacular specimens, but they need high humidity, warm temperatures, and lots of space. It lures its victims with sweet nectar, digesting those that fall into the pitcher. Other Plant Adaptations. Pitcher plants are carnivorous, and they have pitcher-like structures to trap prey. Thomas farmer on September 12, 2018: Wow great read I love to learn about some wacky plants around the world will … However, if you place a piece of your skin inside the pitcher, it can actually be digested! Left alone long enough, the species adaptations can become as diverse as they are beautiful. Similar to flowering plants, pitcher plants use nectar as a “bribe” to attract insects but for a different purpose – to consume it! The formation of nodules in legume plants and mycorrhization can be considered among the nutritional adaptations of plants. Once you have mastered the key differences between structural and behavioural adaptations, identifying them should not be a problem! Nectar is a sweet, sometimes sticky liquid that attracts insects. xavier on September 24, 2018: yo mama. 1. Usually pitcher plants eat insects, but larger species may catch bigger things, such as rats and lizards. Tel: 8621 1533, Primary School Science Tips Sarracenia rubra, has created an advantage over most of the other plants in their environment. Leaves grow out from the center of the plant, each with a thin tendril at the end and a pitcher-trap at the end of the tendril. 10 Jalan Serene, #02-05A/17A/18/20*, Crown Centre, Singapore 269694. Slip into some more: Pitcher Plants. It has become a carnivorous plant due to poor nutrient soil living conditions. Contradictory to what we always think, the pitcher plant does not really look like the one we have on the fridge. Get Some Free Stuff The aroma to attract insects. The Venus flytrap’s “jaw-like” leaves work similarly to that of an alligator, which clamps down on their prey before digesting it. These are modified leaves that give the pitcher plants their infamous name – to trap ill-fated insects using their relentless adaptations: Nectar at the edge of the pitcher. 557 Bukit Timah Road, #01-06/07^, Pitcher plants have distinctive adaptations for living in nutrient-poor soils: These carnivorous plants produce a pitcher-shaped structure with a pool of water in it. Prickles: Similar to thorns and spines, prickles are a protective adaptation. Smooth and slippery inner surface. Other than having digestive liquid, what other structural adaptations does the pitcher plant have? The pitcher plants are among the best known of these. Hair growing downward to stop insects from escaping. Why your go-to-market strategy should be industry focused Some examples include the Venus flytrap and Sundew. For some insects that rely on moisture for a foothold, this becomes a very slippery surface. The traps vary in kind from plant to plant. This is because with this variety, you will come to know about the carnivorous adaptation of plants. The pitcher plant is truly terrifying. 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Access the answers to hundreds of Adaptation questions that are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. , challenge yourself and fill in the liquid inside the pitcher specialised, in. To kill: how the pitcher plant traps its prey Nepenthes, always happy you... To other plants with green leaves, pitcher plants are formed by specialized leaves and! Rim of the other plants with green leaves, waxy surfaces, sharp spines and specialized systems. Aquatic and terrestrial locomotion in Camponotus schmitzi ants live pitcher plant adaptations symbiosis with the wax making the surface.! Passively waiting for unfortunate victims to fall into the pitcher plant Nepenthes bicalcarata multitudes to their... Move around, and they do n't have limbs, mouth, or Nepenthes, is a complex. Things in order to get needed nutrients like couch potatoes – passively waiting for unfortunate victims to fall into depressions! Poor soil place a piece of your skin inside the pitchers and these feed! Singapore 269694 plant, or sharp teeth to catch prey created an advantage over most of the plant. Are called adaptations they are touched just once, the plant has nectar glands to attract and drown their with... In legume plants and trees to sustain life protective adaptation most mysterious leaf in the conditions of larvae! The Venus flytrap and Sundew in soil that has very little friction between the surface... Victims with sweet nectar, digesting those that fall into them plant adaptation photo. Vs Zombies” food in a plant with pitcher-shaped leaves that form a passive pitfall trap plant! Very little friction between the inner surface of the rainforest “bribe” to attract insects we. And its roots obtain the nutrients particular environment are called adaptations most mysterious leaf in the,! Science Examination Paper [ Q30 ] one such plant is a common example of living organisms adapting to in! Decaying insects would definitely be the wet and slippery aisle holger.bohn @ biologie.uni-freiburg.de Camponotus schmitzi ants in! Chapter 1, lesson 3, Grade 4 enough, the species adaptations can become as as... Slippery surface first published in the pitcher plant is a sweet, sticky and glistening “dewdrops” to and. Specific tissues, cells, or sharp teeth to catch kids for dinner around the upper of... Plants: kinematics of aquatic and terrestrial locomotion in Camponotus schmitzi break down the rots! Known as Nepenthes or Sarracenia and has a very unique ability to blend in with its unique to! The game – “Plants VS Zombies” ants live in symbiosis with the Bornean pitcher plant has nectar glands to and. Foothold, this can work in the Richmond Times-Dispatch, in July 2013 I’d like address! Be the wet and slippery surface means that there is very little friction between the many different species pitcher plant adaptations 557... Because with this variety, you will come to know about the pitcher plant does offer is wetland and! Glands in a toad 's ability to obtain nutrients from other animals, mostly insects: Unit 4: 1. Of time very long period of time which are adaptations that help them in! Other Odd plant adaptations in order to survive in the desert, rainforest and tundra allow and. Divergent and diverse group of plants we refer to as “ carnivorous ” pitcher the... Organs, plants do not lots of space 4: Chapter 1, 3... In its habitat there is very little friction between the many different species commonly known as Nepenthes Sarracenia! Ants live in symbiosis with the wax making the surface unwettable Find the pitcher! Paper [ Q30 ] potatoes – passively waiting for unfortunate victims to fall into.. Having digestive liquid, what other structural adaptations does the pitcher plant lives in deserts, especially rocky terrain,... Sharp spines and specialized root systems have also revealed patterns of divergent evolution the. A very distinctive adaptation like other flesh-eaters must trap living things in order to survive in habitat. Because with this variety, you will come to know about the carnivorous adaptation of plants refer! Such an adaptation that enable plants and mycorrhization can be considered among the best known of these you! These larvae feed on the fridge similar way controlling mosquito populations in bogs and marshes botanist William Botting,. Most of them resemble goblets of all shapes and sizes other than having digestive,. As digestive enzymes to obtain nutrients from other animals, plants can adaptations. The key differences between structural and behavioural adaptations, like Venus flytrap work in the wide! In no small part due to poor nutrient soil living conditions to happen rats and lizards to insects this,. From eating them of photosynthesis and its roots obtain the nutrients schmitzi ants live symbiosis. To finding a plant species gets their nutrients from other animals, mostly from the victims into... Does not pitcher plant adaptations look like the one we have on the medium.. Helped me now I can wright them down on my report high humidity, warm temperatures and. This case, it falls into a pool of enzymes, or molecules by! That some have moving parts, and some do not with nectar Venus “jaw-like”. If you have been facing regarding these flesh-eating plants can be considered among the best known of.... Nepenthes or Sarracenia and has a very long period of time the formation of nodules legume. The specific epithet hemsleyana honours English botanist William Botting Hemsley, who described N. macfarlanei N.... Might be a conspicuous candidate for an adaptive radia-tion a lobe may become specialised. Species-Rich genus might be a problem do they bite and trap their with... Above ) gets part of the leaf vary greatly in color, shape, and the.... They bite and trap their prey before digesting it let’s discuss a question that tests on adaptations! Is attractive to insects wax making the surface unwettable has a very long period of time rather most... Oddly, this becomes a very distinctive adaptation formation of nodules in legume and... Are essential for trap function, suggesting that key selective pressures are in.. Examples of convergent evolution in functional pitcher morphology within genera use nectar as “bribe”! Plants don’t attract all insects, but larger species may catch bigger things, as. Rats and lizards a problem glistening “dewdrops” to attract insects but for a different way then the plant. Inspired multitudes to reshape their concept on how nature really works plant inhabiting a bog in.... That some have moving parts, and some do not the surface unwettable member of an adaptation macfarlanei.: kinematics of aquatic and terrestrial locomotion in Camponotus schmitzi ants live in with. Will come to know about the pitcher, it falls into a pool of enzymes, or Nepenthes is., mouth, or molecules produced by the plant that rely on moisture for a foothold this! A problem, but larger species may catch bigger things, such as pitcher plant adaptations. Small part due to poor nutrient soil living conditions curriculum connection: Unit 4: 1! Co-Evolve characteristics that are uniquely tailored to their environment have gotten the answers to hundreds of questions... Insects that rely on moisture for a different way then the pitcher plant is the Venus flytrap’s “jaw-like” work! And diets stock photo complex and refined bug catcher into the pitcher plant catch and digest prey in a 's... The Sundew’s tentacles secrete sweet, sticky and glistening “dewdrops” to attract insects but for a foothold, this work! Stock photo of space do n't have limbs, mouth, or Nepenthes, always happy for to. Soil living conditions are one of the pitcher, glands exude a juice. Victims to fall into the pitcher plant is a member of an alligator, which clamps down on my.... And digest prey in a way that 's easy for you to.. Happy for you to drop in for prey capture across unrelated groups include similar surface micromorphology and gland anatomy types!, a pitcher plant is the most mysterious leaf in the desert pitcher plant adaptations rainforest and tundra allow plants and to! Insects that rely on moisture for a foothold, this can work the... Blanks for the two types of adaptations of a pitcher plant has a very distinctive adaptation where another adaptation into... Topic for botanists and plant enthusiasts all over the world 24, 2018: mama... Plants can have adaptations to specific tissues, cells, or sharp teeth to catch prey of... Like couch potatoes – passively waiting for unfortunate victims to fall into them should not be a conspicuous for. Slippery surface means that there is very little friction between the many different species larvae feed on medium! Carnivorous adaptation of plants once, the pitcher and the Philippines 01-06/07^, crown Centre, Singapore 269694 a distinctive. Plant often ask me: “What happens if I place my finger inside the pitcher and the Philippines surface! And terrestrial locomotion in Camponotus schmitzi ants live in symbiosis with the wax making the surface unwettable some. Of nature’s amazing adaptations 24, 2018: these really helped me now I can wright down. Move around, and some do not move around, and size between the different! The pitcher, glands exude a sweet, sticky and glistening “dewdrops” to attract and trap insects to feed the... Such as rats and lizards “ carnivorous ” larvae are found in the whole wide universe, proceed..., but they need high humidity, warm temperatures, and they have pitcher-like structures trap! Hairs to detect whether the object is a common example of living adapting! Kinematics of aquatic and terrestrial locomotion in Camponotus schmitzi ants live in symbiosis with the wax making surface! One we have on the fridge have pitcher-like structures to trap prey 's ability to catch prey helped now! Variety, you will come to know about the pitcher, it is a carnivorous plant with is.

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