The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. On the outer wall of the mosque are beautiful round designs in which Islamic verses are written in Naqsh script. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. In spite of being bound hand and foot, the fakir escaped unhurt each time. , In 1825, the Sikh forces of Gurmukh Singh Lamba conquered the fort from the Gakhar chieftain Nur Khan. The Rohtas Fort Conservation Programme was conceived by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation in 2000 to help protect the sixteenth-century Rohtas Fort near Jhelum, and develop it as a heritage site conforming to international standards of conservation and tourism. Most of these inscriptions are on the Shahi Mosque. The fort was used by the Marathas as a frontier post for their operations in Peshawar and Attock. On the southern side of the gate is the Shahi (Royal) Mosque because of which many people also call it Shahi (Royal) Darwaza (Gate or Door). The members of this dynasty ruled the Japila territory as feudatories, possibly that of the Gahadavalas. Industries: There are a number of industries in and around Jhelum city, including … It has 60 steps and has small chambers that were used as baths by the Royal family. English: Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fort located on the Potohar Plateau in Punjab, Pakistan.  Further, the construction of the nearby Attock Fort in the 1580s by the Emperor Akbar better served Mughal interests. The Chandra and Tunga dynasties, which ruled in Bengal and Odisha regions respectively, traced their origin to a place called Rohitagiri, which may possibly be modern Rohtas. This fort was built in a style that draws from Turkish, Middle Eastern, and South Asian artistic traditions.. Thereafter it was used by the Durrani ruler Ahmad Shah Durrani during his invasions of the Punjab against the Sikhs. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. The palace was constructed in a north-south axis, with its entrance to the west with barracks for soldiers in front. The outer gate is 12.8 meters (42 feet) wide and 8 meters (26 feet) deep. The carving is of the word "Allah" in Arabic. It is approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum, and is near the city of Dina. Now only 84 steps are left, which lead to a temple. The sacred site of Gurdwara Chowa Sahib is showing its splendour outside Kabuli Darwaza (gate) of Rohtas fort on the river bank of River Ghan. edit; Saint John's Church. On which river Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri: January 16, 2019 by Admin. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. The fort is situated at about 1500 feet above sea level. An inscription on the left side of the gate gives the date of construction of the fort. Most of these are engravings in Arabic and sunflowers.  The emperor is Sher, with long life The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. The fort lies on the historic GT road between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab. This can be gauged from the fact that the fort originally had no permanent building for living. Rohtas Fort is approximately 109 kilometers from Rawalpindi and can be reached from Dina, a busy stop on the Rawalpindi to Lahore road and easily accessible by bus from either place”. This was regarded as a bad omen and the name became "Talaqi". There is a mausoleum of perhaps Habsh Khan, the daroga or the superintendent of works of Sher Shah. These tiles are blue in color. There were many encounters with the British where the latter were at a disadvantage, for the jungles and the tribal in them were of great help to the Indian soldiers. Emperor Jahangir rested here for a single night while going to Kashmir for a rest.  Rohtas Fort, ironically, came to serve as capital of the Gakhar tribes that it had initially been designed to subdue, and was not required as a military garrison as the local Gakhar tribes remained loyal to the Mughal crown.. There is a small room at the end of these three chambers. In 1763 AD, in the Battle of Udhwa Nala, the Nawab of Bihar and Bengal, Mir Kasim, lost to the British and fled with his family to Rohtas. The walls have up to 3 terraces located at different levels. The central archway of the Chandwali Gate has been rebuilt recently so that is the only “fake” part of the fort.  Rohtas Fort was never stormed by force, and has survived remarkably intact. Rohtas Fort is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. The outer arch has a small window like the Sohail Gate. After about 100 meters to your left you will find a signpost, which indicates the way towards the road leading to Rohtas Fort which is 8 km away, past the small holy village of Muftian home to the Mufti Tribe. Situated about 32 kms south-west of the town of Sasaram and about the same distance north-west of Rohtasgarh Fort on the bank of the river Sone, it is a natural hill fort sited amidst gorgeous scenery with the top of the rock having a natural rampart well-fortified by a number of bastions and bulwarks. Rohtas Fort is one of the finest specimens of pre-Mughal military architecture. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort. The fort is still in a fairly good condition. The fort however was captured again by the Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas out of North India. In 1758, the Marathas invaded the Punjab and took Rohtas Fort. During his two-month stay at the fort, the Captain destroyed the storeroom and many of the fortifications. They are built into the walls and are used by the soldiers on the inside to pour molten lead or other hot liquids on soldiers trying to scale the walls. After the decline of the Mughals, the Marathas gained most of their territories in North India. The oldest grand trunk road also passes through the city. As soon as one enters from the outer gate one has to turn right. Proximity to the Naxalite -affected areas has rendered the fort quiet inaccessible in recent times. From the fourth floor one can get a bird's eye view of the surrounding area. The world biggest salt mines called the Khewra mines are also located in the district Jhelum. It is near the Kabuli Gate for the Royal family. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture.  The fort roughly forms an irregularly shaped triangle, and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. There are no surviving examples of military architecture of this period on the same scale in the South Asia which survive to the same degree of completeness and conservation. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. It can be reached easily from the Dehri town, which has very good road network. It is made of white sandstone and comprises three domes. One day visit to Rohtas fort Near Jehlum (Dina). One is the Rohtasan, a temple of Lord Shiva. Finally, after a long drawn out military blockade and many clashes, the British overcame the Indians. The tall imposing superstructure corresponds the temples of Rajputana (Rajasthan), especially of Ossian near Jodhpur built in the 8th century AD and the Mira Bai temple of the 17th century AD at Chittor. Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Pakistan, "Rohtas fort — the treasure of Potohar - The Express Tribune", https://books.google.com/books?id=Ifs9AQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=history+of+punjab+from+aurangzeb+to+mountbatten&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Timur%20Shah%20Rohtas&f=false, Rohtas Conservation page on the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation website, List of cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rohtas_Fort&oldid=992305610, Cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Pakistani English, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Complete restoration of Shah Chandwali Gate, Conservation of Talaqi Gate and Gatali Gate, Establishment of Sher Shah Suri Museum in upper storey of Sohail Gate, Improvement of quality of life in Rohtas Fort village. 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