how is peat moss made

There are many uses of peat moss, such as improving soil, starting seeds, adding it as an amendment, and more. In certain circumstances, peat can be an early stage in coal formation. Bogs are a type of wetland with a high acid content. Peat is the "forgotten fossil fuel. Thus, it is not fully decomposed matter. "While oil, coal, and natural gas are exported around the world, few outside northern Europe are aware of this energy source. Peat forms in bogs. Sphagnum peat moss can be difficult to wet and should be moistened prior to mixing in other ingredients. Peat moss is gathered and carded with wool, and spun into yarn that can be woven or knitted into garments. Just remember that too much peat moss can change the PH of the soil, so garden accordingly. Sphagnum moss grows most commonly in bogs, which are essentially deep, wet marshes.The moss grows on top of the bog, and peat is produced underneath. Some of the world’s oldest peat bogs have very dense, seemingly endless supplies of the decaying matter, though it is also available in smaller quantities on trees, rocks, and even on top of the soil in some places. This is very important, because it preserves the porosity of the fibers that these plants have. Actually, the tan-brown peat moss that makes up the field is an accumulation of sphagnum moss plant residues; there is no mineral soil in a peat bog. Peat moss has become controversial. The majority of peat moss mixes are made from a base of decomposed sphagnum moss. Nearly all of the peat moss sold in the United States comes from sphagnum moss bogs in Canada, which some conservationists say are ecosystems that should be protected, not mined. Peat moss is acidic, so adding peat moss will help to increase the acidic level of topsoil. Peat moss is used by professionals and consumers to make growing media or to incorporate into a garden or landscape as soil conditioner. Coarse, sharp, or builder sand, often used in construction, is a primary ingredient in potting media. These qualities make peat moss particularly useful in vegetable gardens, where extremes of dry and wet can negatively impact the growth and production of vegetables. Peat moss is very common in gardening so it is important to understand what it is, how it works and how to use it to make your plants thrive. Peat moss is organic matter that contains decomposed plants--often sphagnum moss. Peat moss is made up of many layers of partially decomposed dead plants, and these can be grasses, mosses, sedges and reeds. Adding peat moss to the existing topsoil in a growing area will amend the soil and make it a higher quality soil. Like peat moss, sand improves drainage and aeration, but does not improve water-holding capacity. Peat Moss: can be used for terrariums, gardening, and just decoration.If you live in an area that is abundant with it you will not have to grow any, but here in Florida it is really hard to come by. Peat moss ranges in texture from rough, resembling clumpy dirt, to a medium similar to chopped up tree bark. Most of the time, however, peat is a unique material. Peat can also be made into paper or used in feltmaking with wool. I only found one or two places with sparse patches of the moss. This base is often mixed with other organic materials and other mosses and then blended together and sifted prior to packaging and selling. Construction, is a primary ingredient in potting media and spun into yarn that can be an early stage coal. Ph of the time, however, peat can also be made paper! The PH of the moss is used by professionals and consumers to make growing media or to incorporate into garden... 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